So we’ve dealt with the details of your home, its appliances and how you use them but what about the substance, the very fabric of your home; are you pouring money out of your roof, windows, doors and ducts?
Here’s some tips about what to look out for and how to test for heat leaking from your home:
So much of it is just about insulation and stopping the gaps.
Your attic, exterior and basement walls, ceilings, floors, and crawl spaces all should be insulated but check with a qualified insulation specialist or builder before insulating unheated spaces as, if not done correctly, this could cause condensation problems. Roof spaces can also be cooled with automatic cooling systems like Solar Star Roof Ventilation.
Finding air leaks is not so difficult; on a windy day feeling around the doors and windows on your external walls you will soon feel the cold air getting in. Another easy way is to light an incense stick and hold it to frames to see if the smoke blows inwards instead of rising straight up. Even places where electrical or plumbing fixtures enter the house can need insulating. Fireplaces should also be closed off, if not in use, with chimney balloons and closed dampers.
Apart from around fires, any leaks can be caulked and taped and larger spaces filled with expanding foam.
And while we’re talking air conditioners:
Maintenance of your heating and air conditioning systems will help them run more efficiently so check those filters at the recommended times.
Every day tips
Even when we have cocooned ourselves in a cosy, well-insulated, well ventilated but not draughty, home, we can still be aware of small adjustments that will help keep our homes at an even temperature all year round.
During winter, keep the windows and blinds on your sun-facing windows open during the day to allow the sunlight to enter your home and closed at night to reduce the chill you may feel from cold windows. During summer, keep the window coverings closed during the day to block the sun’s heat.
The roof is like an oven in summer
So what can you do about it?Are you lucky enough to have some space outside where you can plant a tree?
The ambient temperature under trees can be as much as 6 degrees cooler than in the sun.
If you plant tall, deciduous trees on the sides of the house that catch the sun they will make a great contribution to cooling the roofs and walls and therefore help cool the interior of the house. They will then drop their leaves in winter allowing the winter sun to warm what was previously shaded.
Carefully placed trees and shrubs can also be effective wind breaks if you suffer from cold winter or hot summer winds and with the shade they cast in summer, trees and shrubs can save 25% of a typical household bills.
Another option for that too hot roof is to install solar panels to make your own energy but that’s another discussion altogether.
There are many ways to save energy in our homes and remember this not only saves us cash but will help to cut down on the release of gases like CO2 which are helping to cause climate change. So doing your bit for the household budget can be the same as doing your bit for the planet and all completely without pain.